Dating techniques used anthropology
However this formula has not been accepted by many archaeologists.
Further this formula has been disproved on many occasions. Pottery is probably the most abundantly available antique material in any archaeological site.
In such cases subjective element cannot be ruled out.
But, for a single culture site the method is quite reliable.
Even when the absolute dates are available, we have to supplement the information with relative dating.
The various methods of relative dating are; This method depends on the common observation that the height of the habitational area increases as the people continue to live at the same place.
For example charcoal, wood, shell, paper, leaves, cloth, animal hair, bone, pollen, tooth, iron, prehistoric soot from the ceiling of the caves practically any material containing some carbon can be subjected Bones are generally affected by ground water carbonates and are therefore least reliable for dating.
This dating method is also known as Archaeological Dating or Historical Chronology. These methods were relied on especially prior to the introduction of scientific methods of dating.
But, even when the scientific methods of absolute dating are available, this method of dating has not lost its importance, as many a time we have to depend solely on relative dating.
The deposit thus occurring forms layers depending on the nature of the material brought in by the people inhabiting the area.
According to this method, the upper deposits are younger and the lower deposits are older.